Areas of Learning and Development

At Patchwork we follow the Early Years Foundation Stage which provides the statutory standards of learning, development and care of children from birth to 5 years of age. The Element for Learning is divided into 7 areas  – 3 Prime  and 4 Specific.

Prime areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. These are ‘time bound’ and set the foundations for further learning. All children, from all cultures across the globe, need to learn skills within these key skills before they are three years old, in order that they have the tools they need for the future. They are:


Personal, Social and Emotional Communication & LanguagePhysical
• Making relationships,
• Self-confidence & self-awareness
• Managing feelings & behaviour
• Listening & attention
• Speaking
• Understanding
• Moving and handling
• Health & Self-care


Specific Areas – As children grow, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas that link to the National Curriculum in schools. These areas of learning help children to learn specific skills that relate to their learning in the future they are;


MathsLiteracyUnderstanding of the WorldExpressive Arts & Design
• Numbers
• Shape, space & measure
• Reading
• Writing
• People and Communities
• The World
• Technology
• Exploring and using media & materials
• Being Imaginative